More and more homeowners in Canada are adopting heat pump systems for their heating and cooling needs. The reasons behind this shift is to increased energy efficiency, improved indoor air quality, and the potential for long-term savings. However, when it comes to upgrading, here are a few things homeowners should know before making a decision whether to choose a ducted or ductless heat pumps.
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Understanding Ductless Heat Pumps
A ductless heat pump system offers cooling and heating capabilities, ensuring year-round comfort. In a ductless mini-split system, the refrigerant lines connect one or more indoor ductless units to the outdoor unit. Each indoor unit has its own control to set the desired temperature, so you may adjust how warm or cold you need the space to be based on your preferences.
These indoor ductless units look modern and stylish and can be easily installed on walls, ceilings, or floors. This heat pump installation is typically done in just a few hours.
Understanding Ducted Heat Pumps
Unlike the ductless heat pump system, a ducted heat pump system comprises a single outdoor condensing unit and an air handler unit. This setup ensures airflow travels through the duct system to reach every part of the conditioned space.
Typically, a single thermostat sets the temperature for the entire system compared to having multiple controls when using the ductless design. Note: It’s crucial to note that ducted heat pumps tend to be less energy-efficient than their ductless counterparts. This is due to radiant energy losses and the energy needed to push air through ducts contribute to this reduced efficiency. Furthermore, ducted systems often operate at total capacity, lacking the continuous adjustment capabilities of ductless systems.
Ductless vs. Ducted Heat Pumps: The Key Difference
The primary distinction between these two types of heat pumps lies in their technology. Ductless mini-split heat pumps utilize inverter technology, enabling continuous operation with capacity adjustments to meet temperature set points.
On the other hand, regular ducted systems, like the ones with air handlers and ducts, either work hard or don’t work at all. Ducted systems run at maximum capacity when temperatures drop to reach the desired set point.
Why Choose a Ducted Heat Pump?
Why Choose a Ductless Heat Pump?
Ducted Heat Pumps
Ducted heat pumps, also referred to as central heat pumps, seamlessly integrate into a home’s existing ductwork. These systems use ducts to send clean air all around the house in a very efficient way.
The heat pump is usually outside, and the indoor part is connected to the ducts so warm or cool air can go to all the rooms.
Ductless Heat Pumps
Ductless heat pumps, also known as mini-split heat pumps, consist of an outdoor unit and one or more indoor units. Unlike ducted systems, they do not rely on ductwork for air distribution. Instead, each indoor unit is installed directly in the room it serves, connected to the outdoor unit via refrigerant lines.
Heat pumps represent some of Canada’s most energy-efficient heating and cooling options. To meet the Department of Energy’s latest standards, it is advisable to target a Seasonal Energy Efficiency Rating (SEER) score of at least 14, effective from 2023, for all new AC installations in Canada. Nevertheless, ducted and ductless heat pumps can surpass this benchmark, often achieving scores well above 20 on the SEER scale.
This efficiency translates to substantial cooling cost savings, with a shift from a 9 SEER unit to a 14 SEER unit potentially resulting in a 35% reduction in cooling expenses. Notably, ductless heat pumps excel in energy efficiency because they avoid duct losses.
The new standards, mandating a Heating Seasonal Performance Factor (HSPF) of at least 8.8. Modern heat pumps can reduce heating costs by up to 50%. While both types of units typically surpass the minimum required heating efficiency score, ductless systems maintain an edge in energy efficiency, mainly due to the absence of leaky ducts.
Pricing for Ducted vs. Ductless Installation
What factors contribute to the pricing of ducted and ductless heat pump installations in Canada? Both systems share overlapping pricing considerations, provided that the building for a traditional approach does not entail duct addition or extensive renovations.
The average cost range for heat pump installation falls between $6,050 and $12,350. In contrast, ductless systems may cost anywhere from $3,300 to $9,500.
Typically, one outdoor unit can accommodate up to five air handlers. For homes lacking well-maintained ducts, ductless systems are the more economical choice.
Ducted heat pump installation may be more cost-effective for larger homes with ductwork, as it may require five or more air handlers.
To determine the best heat pump installation for your home or office in Abbotsford BC, consider consulting one of our heat pump professionals. At Knowledge HVAC & Refrigeration we do heat pump repair, installation, maintenance and replacement of all types of heating and cooling equipment.
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Enhanced Air Quality
Over time, ducts accumulate layers of dust such as, pet hair, pollen, and other airborne particles that can harm indoor air quality. Regardless of how much you dusts your home’s surfaces, ducts can introduce a steady stream of airborne particles. In this regard, ductless heat pumps emerge as the clear winners regarding air quality. Without vents, there is no entry point for particles to infiltrate the system and circulate throughout your home.
Ductless vs. Ducted Heat Pump – The Best Choice for You
The ideal heating and cooling system selection depends on your budget, energy efficiency objectives, proper floor plan, and existing ductwork within your home or business.
While a central ducted heat pump may present a lower initial purchase cost, a ductless heat pump is often more economical to operate over time. In homes that require ductwork, opting for a ductless system is frequently the more cost-effective and less time-consuming choice, promising substantial long-term cost savings.
For expert guidance on which system best aligns with your specific needs, contact Knowledge HVAC & Refrigeration Ltd, your local heat pump installer in Abbotsford.
Which is More Recommended?
Ductless vs. ducted heat pump debate largely hinges on your circumstances and priorities. A ducted heat pump may be the right choice if you are:
On the other hand, a ductless heat pump could represent the superior option if you are:
Expert Heat Pump Installation Services in Abbotsford
When picking between a ductless or ducted heat pump for your Abbotsford home, your choice should depend on your needs and situation.
As a trusted heat pump contractor in Abbotsford, we have the expertise to help you make the right choice for your unique situation. Whether you need heat pump installation, maintenance, repair, or replacement services, our heat pump installer in Abbotsford is here to assist you. To discuss your heat pump needs further, please don’t hesitate to contact us at +1-778-522-5669.
We look forward to providing you with the perfect heating and cooling solution for your Abbotsford home. Make the call today and experience year-round comfort and energy savings like never before!